Aporias.Stirner and Marx at around 1840s.Back.
This manuscript do some quoting and record of findings from various archeologists about Prof.Johann Kaspar Schmidt(1806-56) and Prof.Karl Marx(1818-83),at around 1840s,and some other Left Hegelian thinkers!And togethor comes some trial of Derrida's clues.As Marxist's Humanism gambled on Enlightenment's success being taken up by Socialism.Without this happening both were doomed to failure,since only in Socialism could instrumental reason acquire properly human ends.But seems his contemporary Left Hegelian thinkers were not agreed with him on that point,and why Stirner's impact most critical influence on the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels,has been obscured from the field of intellectual history?
Johann Kaspar Schmidt:St.Max Stirner
Johann Kaspar Schmidt (October 25, 1806~June 26, 1856), better known as Max Stirner (the nom de plume he adopted from a schoolyard nickname he had acquired as a child because of his high brow, in German 'Stirn'), was a German philosopher, who ranks as one of the fathers of nihilism, existentialism, post-modernism and anarchism, especially of individualist anarchism. Stirner's main work is The Ego and Its Own, also known as The Ego and His Own (Der Einzige und sein Eigentum in German, which translates literally as The Unique One and his Property). This work was first published in November of 1844,in Leipzig, and has since appeared in numerous editions and translations!Another book written by Schmidt was The False Principle of Our Education.
"Stirner's notion of the Einzige,the Ego,more helpfully translated as The Unique One clarifies his whole project.The Unique One is man in his irreducible uniqueness,thus egoism is the final definition of the human essence,not the subject of an ethical category,but an uncomplicated existential fact.If one could preceive this, all conceivable forms of alienation,conscious or unconscious,would be impossible."
"In our days,...they have not realised that man has killed God in order to become -'sile God on high'...God has had to give place,not to us,but to ---humanity."......Max Stirner
"People have always supposed that they must give me a destiny lying outside myself,so that at last they demanded that I should lay claim to the human because I am--man.This is the Christian magic circle."......Max Stirner
Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818–4 March 1883),son of lawyer Heinrich Marx(1777~1838) and Henriette Marx(1787-1863),was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime, with the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867–1894); some of his works were co-written with his friend and fellow German revolutionary socialist, Friedrich Engels.
"The communists...preach no morality,which Stirner does too much...on the contrary,they know well that egoism as well as self-sacrifice is,in certain circumstances,a necessary form of the self-assertion of individuals."......Karl Marx's claim while criticising the Ego.
"...Little did Marx know how right he was when he wrote disparagingly in the German Ideology that theology in general is 'belief in ghost[croyance aux fantomes](Gespensterglauber)'."......Kas Saghafi.
"...The German Ideology was less an attack,but more as an angry defence against the theologically inspired and passivist humanism of Feuerbach and the extreme voluntarism and subjectivist individualism of Stirner.."......Alexander Green. Non Serviam.
In the Preface of The German Ideology,Prof.Karl Marx outlined his objections to the Left Hegelians,he proposed that "uncloaking these sheep,who take themselves and are taken for wolves;of showing that their bleating merely imitates in a philosophic form the conceptions of the German middle class;that the boasting of these philosophic commentators only mirrors the wretchedness of the real conditions in Germany.",where Marx,in his famous works,make fun of the left Hegelians,those traditional marxists tend to regard The German Ideology as nothing more than a secondary attack against Left Hegelians,even an enlarged version of The Holy Family.
"...Man is destined to live without religion, but the moral law is eternal and absolute. Who would dare today to attack morality?.."......Proudhon. "De la Création de l’Ordre".p. 36.
..."...Here we have the concept of clericalism, or, as it may also be called in its pedagogic activity, school-masterliness; for the idealists play the schoolmaster over us. The clergyman is especially called to live to the idea and to work for the idea, the truly good cause."..."This is the dominion of the idea; in other words, it is clericalism. Thus Robespierre and St. Just were priests through and through, inspired by the idea, enthusiasts, consistent instruments of this idea, idealistic men. So St. Just exclaims in a speech, "There is something terrible in the sacred love of country; it is so exclusive that it sacrifices everything to the public interest without mercy, without fear, without human consideration. It hurls Manlius down the precipice; it sacrifices its private inclinations; it leads Regulus to Carthage, throws a Roman into the chasm, and sets Marat, as a victim of his devotion, in the Pantheon."......Stirner commented on "clericalism". "The Ego and Its Own".title "II. MEN OF THE OLD AND THE NEW.2.The Moderns."
..."...Others, again, serve the truth also; but they serve it "in moderation," and make,e. g.a great distinction between a simple lie and a lie sworn to....You lie in – moderation, as you are free "in moderation," religious "in moderation" (the clergy are not to "encroach"; over this point the most rapid of controversies is now being carried on, on the part of the university against the church), monarchically disposed "in moderation" (you want a monarch limited by the constitution, by a fundamental law of the State), everything nicelytempered, lukewarm, half God’s, half the devil’s.......Stirner commented on "clericalism". "The Ego and Its Own".title "2.My Intercourse.II. THE OWNER"
Before or after any discussion of related clues,an interesting yet normally omitted clue means some difference,some difference of Age,at end of year 1844,Prof.Schmidt was about 38 years old,who was a Man when published his writing named Der Einzige und sein Eigentum,at this time Prof.Marx,who suggested by Prof.Engels and read this book,just past his 26 years old,who was still a Young-Man;this age difference,or this difference between Man and Young,has its importance,which reason Stirner understood very clearly and already gave it out.
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