Reishi mushroom Ganoderma lucidum,Marvelous Lucky Fungus from Orient World.
- Ganoderma lucidum:the Reishi mushroom botanical information.
- What is Reishi and Varieties?What is Reishi Mushroom Extract?.
- Ganoderma lucidum:Constituents and Phytochemicals.
- Mechanism of Action:How it Works and Medical Properties.
- History and Fame of Reishi Mushroom.
- The Most Common Uses of Reishi Mushrooms.
- Benefits of Reishi Mushrooms:System Class and Alphabetic Order.
- Applications and Benefit Note On Ganoderma lucidum:Reishi Mushroom.
- Ganoderma lucidum or Reishi Mushroom as King of Health Foods.
- Suggestions and Administrations.
- Ganoderma lucidum Pharmacology and Application.
- Ganoderma lucidum:Research update.
Suggestions and Administrations.:
Reishi used in formulas:
Reishi is best used in combination with other herbs or medicine. An outstanding combination is Reishi and Placenta. Another good combination is Reishi and Cordyceps, which has been clinically tested and found to be more effective than the two individual herbs alone.Reishi Tea is an excellent health drink.
Ganoderma lucidum, otherwise known as the Reishi or Mannentake has been heralded by Asian cultures for many centuries. It is a polypore mushroom of corky or woody texture that appears to have a coat of varnish on the top. It is a shelf mushroom that grows on dead and dying trees. There are many varieties of Reishis. Akashiba is the red Reishi, the most potent; Kuroshiba--the black Reishi; Aoshiba--the blue Reishi; Shiroshiba--the white Reishi; Kishiba--the yellow Reishi; and Murasakishiba--the purple Reishi. The Reishi mushroom is attributed with many health stimulating properties from general good health and recuperation, to longevity, sexual prowess, wisdom, and happiness. In certain cases it is used as sculptural artwork. Under certain conditions the fruiting body takes on what is referred to as an "antler" shape, that to some is aesthetically pleasing. According to Paul Stamets, this is a result of elevated carbon dioxide levels in the surrounding environment. Reishis may prove useful to the fight against cancer as well. More and more research is being conducted about compounds, in reishis, that stimulate the immune system.
Reishi Mushroom (Ganoderma Lucidum): Derived from the cap and stem of the mushroom. It is used primarily as an immune stimulant by patients with HIV or cancer.Reishi contains several chemical constituents, including sterols, coumarin, mannitol, polysaccharides, and triterpenoids called ganoderic acids. Ganoderic acids may lower blood pressure as well as decrease low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglyceride levels. These specific triterpenoids also help reduce blood platelets from sticking together,an important factor in lowering the risk for coronary artery disease. Reishi is beneficial to the joints, increases vital energy, strengthens tendons and bones, and is good for the complexion.
Preparation and Dosage:
Tea is the favored form of ingestion. Either fresh or dried specimens are boiled in hot water for five minutes, allowed to steep for thirty minutes, and then reheated. The tea is then strained and served. A daily dosage of 3-5 grams is recommended.
Summary: A potent medicine that has been revered for many years, the Reishi has quite a bit of potential with modern medicine. More and more unknown medicinal properties are currently being discovered and researched. Technology is allowing us to unlock the many secrets this fungus possesses. The domestication of Reishis as a crop fungus has created a prosperous industry in the horticultural and medicinal fields of study. The rising interest in alternative medicines, in the Western world, is making the Reishi quite an economically important crop.
Dosage:Herbalists recommend 1.5-9 grams of the crude dried mushroom per day, 1-1.5 grams per day in powder form, or 1 ml per day of tincture, or as a tea.
3-15 g, decoction. The preferred administration method. Put a combination of 2 to 3 pieces each of the crown and the root sections of the plant into a pot and add 8 cups of water. Bring it to a boil and simmer it in low heat for 15 minutes. Drink the decoction twice a day before meal for as long as one likes. Substantial change for the better of one's looks and feeling would result after about one year's consumption. 1-1.5 g, grinded in powder for consumption.
Reishi mushrooms are available dried and as powder, tinctures, tablets, capsules, and syrup. For general health maintenance and prevention, take 2.5 g per day on an empty stomach, in 4 divided dosed with food. For less severe conditions of asthma, high blood pressure, infections, and nervous disorders, 2-6 g can be taken daily, in three equal portions. For severe conditions such as cancer, heart disease, and chronic infections, 9-15 g daily in three equally divided dosages is recommended. Reishi is best used in combination with other herbs or medicine. An outstanding combination is Reishi and Placenta. Another good combination is Reishi and Cordyceps, which has been clinically tested and found to be more effective than the two individual herbs alone.
Reishi polysaccharides have high molecular weights of up to 1,050,000, which makes absorptiion by the intestines difficult. Dr. Fukumi Morishige, M.D. found that patients given large doses of Reishi (2-9g/day) had diarrhea, but when a large dose of vitamin C was also given at the same time, there was no diarrhea. Vitamin C breaks down the high molecular weight polysaccharides to a molecular weight of around 30,000, so that they are much more easily absorbed by the intestines.
For general health maintenance and prevention, take 2 Reishi mycelium capsules twice per day on an empty stomach. Also take 500 mg of Vitamin C per day after breakfast.
When a discomfort occurs from minor illness, increase the dosage to 2-3 capsules 3 times per day. Also take 1,000 mg of Vitamin C per day after meals.
For insomnia, take 4-5 capsules before bedtime. Take 2 in the morning. Also take 1,000 mg of Vitamin C per day after meals.
When a serious illness occurs, increase the dosage to 4 capsules 4 times per day. Also take 2,000-3,000 mg of Vitamin C per day after meals.
Some people may experience Vertigo Reaction when they first take Reishi. During the first week, they may experience slight swelling of the head or dizziness. Arthritis patient may experienced a temporary increase in the pain level. This is a cleansing reaction, often called a "healing crisis". Continue to take Reishi and the symptoms will be alleviated within a week.
According to classical literature, Reishi is classified as a superior herb. Superior herbs are said to be non-toxic and can be consumed in large quantities and for a long period without any side effects. After 2,000 years, there are still no side effects reported in available literature and clinical studies. However, sensitive individuals may experience some detoxification symptoms such as mild digestive upset, dizziness, sore bones, and skin rashes during the initial period of intake. This is the excretion of accumulated toxic matters from modern day foods and vigorous activities of the body metabolism. These are all normal signs of recovery and an indication that the medicinal effect of Red Reishi is functioning well.
Side effects from reishi can include dizziness, dry mouth and throat, nose bleeds, and abdominal upset. Reishi is a very safe hean that has been used for thousands of years. Rare possible side effects from reishi include dizziness, dry mouth, stomach upset, nose bleed, sore bones, gastrointestinal distress or irritated skin.These may develop with continuous use over three to six months. As it may increase bleeding time, reishi is not recommended for those taking anti-coagulant (e.g., blood-thinning) medications. Pregnant or lactating women should consult a physician before taking reishi. Because of these severe side effects we recommend that you consult and be under the supervision of a qualified professional before and during taking this herb.
Reishi, the fruiting body of Mannentake, Ganoderma lucidum has been known in China, Korea and other countries as a food and raw material for the development of drugs. Recent studies have shown that the carcinistaticsubstance in REISHI is a polysaccharide, b -8-(1?3)-D-glucan. This polysaccharide seems to have promise as a new type of carcinostatic agent which might be useful in immunotherapy. Unlike chemicals used in chemotherapy, it has few toxic side effects because its effect is based on immunological enhancement in the host. REISHI also seems to contain other substances which reduce blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and blood sugar levels; and inhibit platelet aggregation, etc. Recently, in vitro immunomodulating effects of Reishi extracts, and clinical study of micronized Reishi in Thai HIV and AIDS patients were attempted in Thailand. Some lanostane tri-terpenoids have been isolated from G. lucidum. These are highly oxidized compounds which show interesting biological activities
Toxicity Study:Ganoderma lucidum
Extravasate of Ganoderma lucidum.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.37.26~39.34 g/kg.
Hot Ethanol extract sap of Ganoderma lucidum.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.6.75g/kg.
Hot Ethanol extract sap of Ganoderma lucidum.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.Oral.165g/kg.
Cold Ethanol extract sap of Ganoderma lucidum.Rat.Oral.1.2g/kg and 12g/kg.daily. period 30 days,no any toxic effects on growth,liver function,and cardiograph.
Cold Ethanol extract sap of Ganoderma lucidum.Dog.Oral.12g/kg.daily. period 15 days,and Hot Ethanol extract sap of Ganoderma lucidum.Oral.24g/kg.daily. period 13 days,no any toxic effects on growth,liver function,and cardiograph.
Ganoderma lucidum ferment concentration liquid(contains ferment liquid and mycelia).Mice.Oral.LD50.27.57ml/kg.
Ganoderma lucidum ferment concentration liquid(1:1 concentration/29).Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.LD50.4.89ml/kg.
Ganoderma lucidum ferment concentration liquid(1:1 concentration/8.3).Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.LD50. (15.17+-0.79)ml/kg
Extravasate of Ganoderma lucidum.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.(38.30+-1.04)g/kg
Ganoderma lucidum fruiting body sap.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.(38.10+-0.18)g/kg
Ganoderma lucidum mycelia sap.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.Intraperitoneal injection.(34.20+-0.11)g/kg
Ganoderma lucidum filtrate concentrated injection(15:1).Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.intravenous injection.10.91ml/kg.
Ethanol extract sap injection of Ganoderma lucidum mycelia.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.intravenous injection.12.89ml/kg.
Water extract sap injection of Ganoderma lucidum mycelia.Acute Toxicity.LD50:Mice.intravenous injection.29.40ml/kg.
Toxicity of Sporoderm-broken Ganoderma Spores:
80 Rats divide into 4 groups of 20,Orally dose and classified to low,middle,high dosage group and 1 compare group,period 30 days,weigh up every week,test blood,blood chemicals,organs index,and variations of tissue pathology,result and index shows normal scope,no toxic effects.
Cautions on Use:
Some people may experience vertigo reaction when they first take lingzhi. During the first week, they may experience slight swelling of the head or dizziness. Arthritis patient may experience a temporary increase in the pain level. This is a cleansing reaction, often called a "healing crisis". Continue to take lingzhi and the symptoms will be alleviated within a week.
Adverse Reactions:Reported: Dry throat and nose, GI upset, itchiness, nausea, vomiting
Drug Interactions with Anticoagulant,Antiplatelets: Reishi may increase the risk of bleeding.
Drug Interactions with Antihypertensives: Reishi may cause additive hypotensive effects.
Can I take Reishi with my other medications?
Yes. Reishi is a natural health supplement and there are no reported contraindications in over 2,000 years of study. However, all immune-modulating substances such as Reishi should be taken with care for patients undergoing organ transplants and using immunosuppressive drugs. It is always a good idea to consult a qualified health physician before consuming any dietary supplements.
Is Reishi good for all age groups?
Yes. Reishi is a health food supplement that is good for all age groups, including children and pregnant women. However, once again it is recommended to consult a qualified health physician when taking dietary supplements.
What are the directions to take Reishi?
Reishi is best taken in the morning with an empty stomach. Drinking more water will also help enhance the effects of Reishi by helping the body get rid of poisonous waste.
It is also recommended to take Vitamin C with Reishi as this will assist the body in absorbing the active ingredients in Reishi. Studies have shown that Vitamin C helps break down the complex polysaccarides into smaller manageable pieces for the body to absorb.
Should Reishi be taken only when one is ill?
No. Reishi can be taken at any time even when one is not ill. The primary benefit of Reishi is its ability to support and build the immune system. Hence, Reishi is beneficial even for a healthy person.
In addition to using red Reishi products, how can I improve my health?
Nutritionists recommend the following:
Refrain from using refined sugar. Substitute with pure honey or fruit sugar instead.
Avoid processed foods (e.g. canned foods, instant noodles, soda pop, etc.)
Eat a healthy mix of natural foods from each food group to maintain your nutritional balance. Include all types of vegetables in your diet, especially those with stalks and roots.
Drink more water. Try to drink 8 glasses of water a day. This will prevent cellular dehydration and enhance your metabolic functions to rid your body of poisonous waste.
Usage Guidelines:Pregnant and lactating women should consult their doctors before using. This herb should be avoided if you are taking anticoagulant drugs. Rare side effects may include dizziness, dry mouth and throat, nose bleeds, or abdominal upset.
Note:This information is based on reputable resources and scientific research but there is no guarantee that what we know today, will change with time. Readers should not use this information for self-diagnosis or self-treatment, but should always consult a medical professional regarding any medical problems and before undertaking any major dietary changes. This information is not meant to be substituted for medical advice.
During the early stages of consuming red reishi mushroom products, one may experience dizziness, sore bones, itchy skin, have increased bowel movements, hardening of the feces, and/or pimple-like eruptions appearing on various parts of the body. For some people, diarrhea may occur but it will subside between two to five days and thereafter will stop. The time frame may vary from person to person. The excretion of accumulated body toxins and vigorous activities of body metabolism are the normal signs of recovery and they indicate that the medicinal properties of red reishi mushroom are functioning well. Such irregularities differ between individuals and will eventually disappear as the body accustoms to the regular use of red reishi mushroom products. Although, red reishi mushroom may have many physiological reactions due to its medicinal effect, it does not produce any side effects that are associated with most chemical drugs.
The recovery symptoms is the normal response in medical treatments as stated in the old Chinese medicine text, "Sheung Shu". Persons suffering from problems of the liver, kidney, stomach, intestine or pancreas, bronchitis, measles, constipation, rheumatism, arthritis, diabetes, headaches and other allergies will respond very easily with the recovery symptoms. Such reactions are only temporary, lasting only a few days until the body adjusts to the overall improved activity from consuming red reishi mushroom products. Daily consumption of large amounts of water is recommended.
- 1.Reishi mushroom Ganoderma lucidum,Marvelous Lucky Fungus from Orient World.
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