Cassia Angustifolia and Cassia Acutifolia,the Cassia senna spectrum stepped from the ancient Arabic sena.
- Basic Botanical Data of Cassia Senna.
- Origin of Senna.
- History and Name Origin:the Arabic sena.
- Cassia Senna Historical or traditional use.
- Phytochemicals and constituents of Cassia Senna.
- Actions and Application of Cassia Senna.
- Caution,Precaution,Pharmacology and Medical use Cassia Senna.
- Cassia Senna:Short description of process and Grade Standard.
- Preparations,Dosage and Administration of Cassia Senna.
- Research Update:Cassia Angustifolia.
Actions and Application of Cassia Senna.:
Cathartic:an agent producing evacuation of the bowels.
Purgative:acting mainly on the lower bowel,an agent that produces a vigorous emptying of the bowels, more drastic than a laxative or aperient. Senna is a powerful cathartic used in the treatment of constipation, working through a stimulation of intestinal peristalsis. It is vital to recognize, however, that the constipation is a result of something else and not the initial cause and that this has to be sought and dealt with.
Priest tell us that it is an " intestinal ganglionic vaso-relaxant. Specific influence upon lower bowel to restrict fluid reabsorption. Excites colicky contractions." They give the following specific indications: to produce rapid catharsis, (tonsillitis, diphtheria, eruptive disease (from constipation), remittent /intermittent fevers, acute hemorrhoids, to ease liver and gall-bladder function)
Haemostatic: good hemostatic characteristics.
Cholagogue: an agent for increasing the flow of bile into the intestines
Laxative: an agent promoting evacuation of the bowels; a mild purgative
Vermifuge: an agent to expel parasitic worms, especially of the intestines
Gastrointestinal Conditions:as a cleanser during a fast (best combined with Cinnamon, Fennel or Ginger) as a very effective laxative,constipation,eases nausea and biliousness,halitosis,increases peristaltic movements of the colon (by local action on the intestinal wall)
Senna works by irritating the lining of the upper intestines which provokes reflex muscular activity in the colon resulting in a bowel motion (due to the chemical anthraquinone)
Senna is a popular component of over-the-counter laxatives worldwide. Used in iron deficient anemia, for parasites or for general sluggishness. Useful in cases of fissure or hemorrhoids. Works within ten (10) hours
Popular Use:Modern human studies have investigated the use of senna for severe constipation:
for chronic constipation in long-stay elderly patients,
for constipation in childhood,
for managing morphine-induced constipation,
for bowel preparation prior to intravenous urography,
to improve colonoscopy preparation with lavage,
for preparation prior to radiographic examination of the colon,
in management of constipation in the immediate postpartum period,
in management of postoperative constipation in anorectal surgery,
to improve the visibility of abdominal organs in ultrasound examination,
for disorders characterized by slow intestinal transit time or constipation,
and as a laxative for terminal cancer patients treated with opiates.
Medicinal virtues:The leaves have a purging quality, but afterwards have a binding effect. It is corrected with Caraway seed, Aniseed, or Ginger and a dram (1.7 g) taken in wine, ale or broth, on an empty stomach comforts and cleanses the stomach and purges phlegm from the head and brain, lungs, heart, liver and spleen.
It strengthens the senses, procures mirth, and is good in chronic agues.The Common Bladder Senna (Colutea arborescens) works violently both upwards and downwards, offending the stomach and bowels.
Modern uses:In modern practice Cassia angustifolia is the variety of Senna used as a laxative. It is given with aromatic herbs, such as Ginger or Aniseed, to prevent griping pains. Both leaves and pods are used in over-the-counter pharmaceutical preparations. For domestic use, one teaspoonful of powdered Ginger is added to 2 oz (56 g) of Senna leaves in 1 Pt (568 mi) of boiling water. Infuse for 20 minutes. The dose is 2 fl oz (56 ml). Senna should not be used during pregnancy.
Cosmetic Uses of Cassia Senna:
Glossary notes on Cassia angustifolia seed comments it may have anti-inflammatory propertiesm,extract from the Cassia Senna seeds normally conceived as a moisturizer (Botanical replacement for Hyaluronic acid),some applicable cosmetics patent declared a formulation made of senna polysaccharides(togethor with dipeptide-4, glutamylamidoethyl indole, and kluyveromyces extract) helps improves skin quality by moisturizing and softening the skin, while protecting and repairing damaged sensitive skin, activating skin restructuration and stimulating collagen and keratin synthesis. Additionally, the formulation protects the skin from stress and oxidation, and reduces protein carbonylation and lipid peroxidation.
Senna or cassia pods, obtained from the Senna Alexandria plant, act as laxatives. Senna pods act to stimulate peristaltic contractions in the colon, and are therefore especially useful in alleviating constipation.Senna alexandrina is commonly known as Senna Pod.It is known that Egyptians used senna tea to relieve constipation. Senna is a useful herb to use for chronic constipation because it creates strong peristalic action.
- 1.Cassia Angustifolia and Cassia Acutifolia,the Cassia senna spectrum stepped from the ancient Arabic sena.
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