The handsome goldenrod,Solidago as wound-healing herb,Virga aurea or the beautiful golden yellow flowers,Herba Solidaginis,solidare,vulnerary and Woundwort.
General Info of Goldenrod.:
The generic name comes from solidare, for the plant is known as a vulnerary, or one that 'makes whole.' It grows from 2 to 3 feet in height, with alternate leaves, of a clear green, and terminal panicles of golden flowers, both ray and disk. It is the only one (of over eighty species) native to Great Britain.
The goldenrod seems to give expression to its medicinal powers not only in its beautiful name but also in its handsome form. The name Solidago (Latin solido = to make whole) indicates its use as a wound-healing herb. Virga aurea is the Latin for goldenrod, named for the stem with its golden-yellow flowers. The cylindrical root finds the depth of soil it needs for a firm hold everywhere in the dry earth of woodlands, among bushes in waste places, on dunes and rocks, right up to the mountain regions. The round stem branches only at the top and grows 20 - 50 cm high, but may occasionally reach 1OO cm. The alternate leaves on the lower part of the stem are large, pointed, and elliptical with toothed margins. In the flowering region they are narrow and lance-shaped, with margins entire. Numerous stalked golden-yellow flower heads form branched spikes at the top of the stem, the lower ones opening first, so that the plant flowers continuously from July into autumn. Insects and butterflies of all kinds are frequent visitors. When the flowering is over, the calyx holds a crown of hairs (pappus), which later carry the small fruits on the wind. The flowering tips of the branches are used in teas and pharmaceutical preparations. The active principles - saponins, floral pigments, and tannins - are used in the treatment of kidney and intestinal inflammations. Another species, the Canadian goldenrod, is taller (60 - 200 cm), has 1 - sided spikes, in a branched cluster, of numerous yellow flower heads (3 - 5 mm) and spreads widely in Europe.
The leaves and flowers yield a yellow dye.When bruised, the herb smells like Wild Carrot.
- 1.The handsome goldenrod,Solidago as wound-healing herb,Virga aurea or the beautiful golden yellow flowers,Herba Solidaginis,solidare,vulnerary and Woundwort.
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