The handsome goldenrod,Solidago as wound-healing herb,Virga aurea or the beautiful golden yellow flowers,Herba Solidaginis,solidare,vulnerary and Woundwort.
Phytochemical and Constituents.:
Constituents:The plant contains rutin, kaemferol-3-3rutinoside, leiocarposide, benzyl-2,6-dimethoxybenzoate; 3,5-dimethoxy-4-acetoxycinnamyl angelate; matricaria ester, tannin, with some bitter and astringent principles,saponins,essential oil,bitter principle,tannins,flavonoids.etc.
Goldenrod herb contains approximately 1.5% flavonoids, mainly rutin, plus quercitrin, isoquercitrin, astragalin, hyperoside, and nicotiflorin; approximately 10% catechin tannins; 2% triterpene saponins, of which more than 30% are bisdesmosidic polygala acid derivatives; 0.20% phenol glycosides, including leiocarposide and virgaureoside A; phenolic acids, including caffeic and chlorogenic acids; 0.45% essential oil; diterpenoid lactones of cis-clerodane type; and polysaccharides.
Early goldenrod herb contains minimum 2.4% flavonoids, including quercitrin and rutin; 9.2% triterpene saponins, mainly bayogenin glycosides; phenolic acids, including chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and caffeic acids and their glucose esters; tannins; polysaccharides; diterpenes; and a small amount of essential oil.
The Commission E reported diuretic, mildly antispasmodic, and antiphlogistic activity.
The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia reported diuretic, anticatarrhal, and diaphoretic actions (BHP, 1996). In vitro studies have shown a spermicidal effect on human sperm, possibly a result of the saponins of the b-amyrin type having a particular sequence of sugars at the 28-carboxyl function. Fungicidic activity on Candida albicans has been shown using the triterpenoid glycosides.
- 1.The handsome goldenrod,Solidago as wound-healing herb,Virga aurea or the beautiful golden yellow flowers,Herba Solidaginis,solidare,vulnerary and Woundwort.
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