Administration and Suggestions of Black Sesame.
- Basic Botanical Information of Black Sesame.
- Botanical Description of Sesamum indicum and Sesame Seed.
- Constituents and Phytochemicals of Black Sesame.
- Sesame:Origin,History,Etymology and Mythology.
- Black Sesame Varieties and Grading,Qualities.
- Properties,Functions and Applications of Black Sesame.
- Administration and Suggestions of Black Sesame.
- Modern Researches and Findings of Black Sesame.
- Black Sesame or Hei Zhi Ma:Notes from Ancient Herbal Classics and Herbalists.
- Research Update:Black Sesame or Sesamum indicum L
Administration and Suggestions of Black Sesame.
Suggest Dosage:10-30 g.Decoction, or made into porridge along with rice, or used as an ingredient of boluses. Or fried and grinded into powder form, and taken with salt. They can also be eaten by chewing the raw seeds.
Sesame seeds can also be decocted for bathing or pounded for external application.
Add sesame seeds into the batter the next time you make homemade bread, muffins or cookies.
Use the traditional macrobiotic seasoning, gomasio, to enliven your food. You can either purchase gomasio at a health food store or make your own by using a mortar and pestle. Simply mix together one part dry roasted sea salt with twelve parts dry roasted sesame seeds.
Sesame seeds add a great touch to steamed broccoli that has been sprinkled with lemon juice.
Spread tahini (sesame paste) on toasted bread and either drizzle with honey for a sweet treat or combine with miso for a savory snack.
Combine toasted sesame seeds with rice vinegar, tamari and crushed garlic and use as a dressing for salads, vegetables and noodles.
Healthy saut?chicken with sesame seeds, tamari, garlic, ginger and your favorite vegetables for a healthy, but quick, Asian-inspired dinner.
Indications and Dosage from CP for Semen Sesami Nigrum(Hei Zhi Ma):The CP(Chinese-Pharmacopia) defined the herb Semen Sesami Nigrum(Hei Zhi Ma) as the dry mature seeds of the Pedaliaceae family plant Sesamum indicum L.It noted the herb taste sweet and nature plain.Enter into liver,kidney,and large intestine meridians.Main functions tonify liver and replenish kidney,benefit essence and blood,moistening dryness.Indicated for dizzy of the head and dim of sight(dizzy head and blurred eyes),tinnitus and deafness,premature graying hair,hair loss after disease,constipation due to intestinal dryness.Suggested Dosage 9~15 grams.
Indications and Dosage from CHMM for Black Sesame(Hei Zhi Ma):The CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica) defined the herb Black Sesame(Hei Zhi Ma) as the black seeds of the Pedaliaceae family plant Sesamum indicum L.[S.orientale L].It noted the herb taste sweet and nature plain.Enter into liver,spleen,kidney meridians.Main functions nourish liver and tonify kidney,nourish blood and benefit essence,relaxing bowel.Indicated for symptoms related with liver and kidney deficiency such like dizzy of the head and tinnitus,waist and foot flaccidity,premature graying hair,skin dryness,intestinal dryness with constipation,scant breast milk,carbuncle sore eczema,infantile scrofula,burns and scalds,haemorrhoids.Suggested Dosage internal as decoction,9~15grams,or into pellets,powder;external proper amount as decoction wash or powder paste apply at affected area.(2)
Indications and Dosage from PDR for Sesame(Sesamum orientale):The PDR 4th edition defined the herb Sesame as from botanical origin Sesamum orientale,and noted the "medicinal part of the plant is the seed",this botanical origin is the same with the Zhi Ma used in China,it noted the herb bear other names like "Beniseed,Gingelly,Oriental Sesame",it give some brief indications of the herb used in Folk medicine as "Unproven Uses:folk medicine internal uses include treating constipation,especially dyschezia;external uses include removal of scabs and crust formations,for swellings,rheumatism and as a massage oil.Its use as a laxative is considered obsolete.",and give some dosage suggestions,as "Mode of Administration:Preparations are available for internal and external use.Preparation:Sesame oil for parenteral application is produced from Sesamum orientale by heating in a drying chamber to 140 Deg C or by means of germ filtration with the addition of 5% benzyl alcohol followed by heating at 120 Deg C for 1 hour in the drying chamber.Daily Dosage 30 to 60 g of drug for constipation.Storage:Store in tightly sealed containers and protect from light."(3)
Cautions on Use:
It should be avoided by those who suffer from loose stools due to insufficiency of the spleen.The PDR 4th edition suggested some cautions on use that "Precautions and Adverse Reactions:No health hazards are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages.The drug possesses a limited potential for sensitization."(3)
Sesame seeds are not a commonly allergenic food and are not known to contain measurable amounts of goitrogen or purines. However, the hulls of sesame seeds do contain oxalates. In fact, most of the calcium found in the seed hull comes in the form of calcium oxalate. The sesame seed paste (tahini) found in grocery stores is most often made with seed kernels:the part of the sesame seed that remains after the hull has been removed. These products would generally be safe in moderate amounts on an oxalate-restricted diet. However, products containing the seed hulls might have more oxalates than desired on a low oxalate meal plan. Product labels do not always indicate whether the hulls have been removed or not. For this reason, check the color of the tahini carefully and also inquire as to its taste. Most sesame seed butters made from whole, non-hulled seeds are fairly dark in color and have a much more bitter taste than butters made from hulled sesame kernels. For more on the subject of oxalates, please see "Can you tell me what oxalates are and in which foods they can be found?"
1. Polygonum to keep the hair youthful and dark
2. Hemp seed and Dang Gui to tonify the yin of the intestines and to promote healthy bowel movements
Toxicity Study of Sesamol:
RTECS:SM0890000 Chemical Name:Phenol,3,4-(methylenedioxy)-; Beilstein Reference No:0127450.Referene:5-19-02-00532(Beilstein Handbook Reference); Note:Tumorigen,Natural product.
Synonyms:1,3-Benzodioxol-5-ol;3,4-Methylenedioxyphenol;Methylene ether of oxyhydroquinone;Sesamol.
TDLo-Lowest published toxic dose.Oral.Rodent-rat.dose/period:874 gm/kg/2Y-C.Toxic Effects:Tumorigenic-Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria.Gastrointestinal-tumors.Reference:JJCREP.(Elsevier Science Pub.BV,POB 211,1000AE Amsterdam,Netherlands)V.76-1985-Volume(issue)/page/year:83,1279,1992.
TDLo-Lowest published toxic dose.Oral.Rodent-mouse.dose/period:1092 gm/kg/2Y-C.Toxic Effects:Tumorigenic-Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria.Gastrointestinal-tumors.Reference:JJCREP.(Elsevier Science Pub.BV,POB 211,1000AE Amsterdam,Netherlands)V.76-1985-Volume(issue)/page/year:83,1279,1992.
TD-Toxic dose(other than lowest).Oral.Rodent-mouse.dose/period:1612 gm/kg/96W-C.Toxic Effects:Tumorigenic-Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria.Gastrointestinal-tumor.Reference:JJCREP.(Elsevier Science Pub.BV,POB 211,1000AE Amsterdam,Netherlands)V.76-1985-Volume(issue)/page/year:81,207,1990.
TD-Toxic dose(other than lowest).Oral.Rodent-rat.dose/period:1092 gm/kg/2Y-C.Toxic Effects:Tumorigenic-Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria.Gastrointestinal-tumor.Reference:JJCREP.(Elsevier Science Pub.BV,POB 211,1000AE Amsterdam,Netherlands)V.76-1985-Volume(issue)/page/year:81,207,1990.
Data of USA: EPA TSCA Section 8(b) Chemical Inventory.
1: Black Sesame Seed or Sesamum indicum L,benefits and applications...
2: see CHMM(Zhong Hua Ben Cao,or Chinese Herbal Materia Medica)
3: see PDR for Herbal Medicines 4th Ed.under title "Sesame(Sesamum orientale)",p747~748.
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