Carrot,Daucus carota,Origin and Archeology of Carrot,Modern Researches.
- Basic Botanical Data of Carrot.
- Brief History of Carrot.
- The Beginnings of Carrot.
- Origin and Archeology of Carrot.
- Pigment Power in Carrot Colour.
- Different coloured carrots.
- Carrot Phytochemicals and it's benefit.
- Functions,Applications of Carrot.
- Tips of Carrots Benefit our bodies.
- Carrot Health Benefits.
- Alternative Medicinal Uses,Medicinal Use,Action of Carrot.
- Dosage and Administration of Carrot.
- Cautions on Use of Carrot.
- Modern Researches of Carrot.
- Research Update:Carrot or Daucus carota.
Brief History of Carrot.:
The bright orange fleshy root vegetable we know today as the carrot is a far cry from its wild ancestor, a small tough, pale fleshed acrid root plant. The Wild Carrot - Daucus Carota - is one of the many plants which belongs to the natural order Umbelliferae. It is a common plant in pastures and by roadsides and especially likes light soils where it can soon turn into a weed.
To unravel the long history of the Carrot you have to go back a very long way. Fossil pollen from the Eocene period (55 to 34 million years go) has been identified as belonging to the Apiaceae (the carrot family). The carrot dates back about 5,000 years ago when the root was found to be growing in the area now known as Afghanistan. Temple drawings from Egypt in 2000 BC show a purple plant, which some Egyptologists believe to be a purple carrot. Egyptian papyruses containing information about treatment with carrot and its seeds were found in pharaoh crypts. Throughout the centuries Arab merchants travelled the trade routes of Arabia, Asia and Africa bringing home to their villages the seeds of the purple carrot. During these years the vegetable appeared in a variety of hues ranging from purple to white, pale yellow, red, green and black (but never orange!).
In Roman times carrots were purple or white. By the 10th century purple carrots were grown in Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern Iran. Moorish invaders are thought to have brought the purple and yellow variety from North Africa to Southern Europe around the 12th century. By the 13th century carrots are known to have grown in the fields of Germany and France.
Purple, white and yellow carrots were imported to southern Europe in the 14th century. Black, red and green carrots were also grown. Flemish refugees eventually introduced the vegetable to the shores of England in the 15th century. Orange roots, containing the pigment carotene, were not noted until the 16th century in Holland. This only came about thanks to patriotic Dutch growers who bred the vegetable to grow in the colours of the House of Orange. By the 1700s Holland was considered the leading country in carrot breeding and today's "modern" orange version is directly descended from the Dutch-bred carrots of this time. In an attempt to "nationalize" the country's favourite vegetable they began experiments on improving the pale yellow versions. These were crossed with red varieties containing anthocyanin to produce orange-coloured roots. Successive hybridization intensified the widely recognized "orange" colour of today.
- 1.Carrot,Daucus carota,Origin and Archeology of Carrot,Modern Researches.
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