Red Raspberry:Bramble,Gauriphal,Reapberry,and Hindberry.
- Basic Botanical Info:Rubus idaeus.
- Rubus idaeus Botanical Description.
- Phytochemicals and Constituents:red raspberry.
- Red raspberry Indications and Combinations:
- Properties and Functions:red raspberry.
- Applications: What does Red Raspberry do?
- Red raspberry Historical or traditional use.
- Suggestions and Administrations of red raspberry.
- Red raspberry Modern Researches.
- Research update:Rubus idaeus or red raspberry.
Red raspberry Modern Researches.:
Wild raspberry is rich in vitamin C; it also contains vitamin E, carrotin, superoxide dismutase (255.3 ug/100g), minerals calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, copper, zinc, iron, manganese, nickel and selenium; and sugar fructose and glucose.
Superoxide dismutase can clean the free radical from human body; and help the activity of skin cells.
Wild raspberry contains sufficient sugar, mainly reducing sugar (fructose and glucose) which is about 80 percent among the total sugar. Reducing sugar can be easily ingested after taking-in. Most of raspberry fruits are juicy, and with good ratio of sugar and acids, so it tastes sweet.
Ellagic Acid and raspberry:
Consuming one cup of red raspberries per day (40 mg of ellagitannins) prevents the development of cancer cells. At low concentrations, it slows the growth of cancer cells; at higher concentrations, it tells cancer cells to kill themselves. For example, cells infected with the human papilloma virus (which is linked to cervical cancer), when exposed to ellagic acid experienced apoptosis, or normal cell death.
Red raspberry ellagitannins slow the growth of abnormal colon cells in humans:
Tests reveal similar results for breast, pancreas, esophageal, skin , and prostate cancer cells. The ellagitannins also produce a breakdown in human leukemia cells.
Another way that ellagitannins protect your body is through G-Arrest. G-Arrest means that the ellagitannins stop cells from mutating in the first place. If cells dont mutate, then we dont get cancer. This is very important when you understand that that every single day of your life you produce anywhere from a few hundred to as many as 10,000 cancerous cells in your body as part of your normal metabolism. In tests conducted by the Hollings Cancer Institute with Ellagic Acid, G-Arrest began in 72 hours in both breast and cervical cancer.
Red raspberry ellagitannins prevent destruction of the P53 gene by cancer cells. P53 prevents mutagenic activity in cervical cells:
Red raspberry ellagitannins protect human cells against cancer-causing agents in tobacco smoke, food additives, and petroleum-based substances. Ellagitannins act as scavengers to bind cancer-causing chemicals, making them inactive. The ellagitannins inhibit the ability of other chemicals to cause mutations in bacteria. Red Raspberry ellagitannins also protect DNA by blocking carcinogens from binding to the DNA.
European medical studies also demonstrate that red raspberry ellagitannins lower the incidence of birth defects, promote wound healing, reduce heart disease, and may reduce or reverse chemically induced liver fibrosis. In addition, the ellagic acid produced from the ellagitannins has anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties
First of all, ellagic acid doesnt work as well as the complete ellagitannin complex. Although ellagic acid alone has been shown to inhibit carcinogenesis in vitro (in a test tube with isolated cancer cells), several studies have reported that the other phenolic compounds in the berries also contribute to the observed inhibitory effect. Those compounds are only present in a complete ellagitannin complex, not in a synthetic ellagic acid isolate. In other words, an ellagitannin complex works better than pure ellagic acid.
Second, synthetic ellagic acid is too harsh for the human body to accept, and has some potentially serious side effects , not the least of which is its tendency to raise blood pressure.
And third. Dr. Nixon human studies are being done with the complete complex, not with isolated ellagic acid. If you want the same results, you need to use the same source. (Yes, the in vitro, or test tube studies on individual cells, were done with ellagic acid because individual cells have no way to break down ellagitannins into ellagic acid; but all in vivo, or human studies, have been done with red raspberry puree,and it is, after all, results with human beings that we are concerned with here.)
Instead, polymers of gallic acid and hexahydroxydipenoyl (HHDP) are linked to glucose centers to form the class of compounds known as ellagitannins. Ellagic acid is formed when the HHDP group is cleaved from the tannin molecule and spontaneously rearranges,as happens in the digestive tract.
The bottom line is that it is the ellagitannins that are present in various fruits,not the ellagic acid.
First of all, the availability to the body of ellagic acid from dietary sources has only been confirmed with red raspberries. Other foods such as strawberries and walnuts either contain far lesser amounts of ellagic acid producing ellagitannins, and/or their bioavailability has not been confirmed. One interesting source, however, is pomegranate. Although not proven in clinical studies, the anecdotal evidence is extremely strong ,and the concentration of ellagitannins is much higher in pomegranate than raspberries
The other key issue is that each source of ellagitannins has its own individual mix of ellagitannins. A useful way to think about this is that the active ingredients in both green tea and grape seeds are a group of bio-chemicals called polyphenols (the same group of bio-chemicals that includes ellagic acid),but because the mix of polyphenols is different in green tea and grape seeds, they each have an entirely different range of effects on the human body. Of the different sources of ellagitannins, the only mix that has been verified is the mix in red raspberries. In other words, for now, you want a red raspberry source. (Note: at some point, future studies will likely verify the efficacy of other sources such as pomegranate,but those studies do not exist at this point in time. Then again, the anecdotal evidence is building strongly.) For the moment then, the Meeker red raspberry is the most proven source of ellagic acid producing ellagitannins, with pomegranates probably a good alternative.
- 1.Red Raspberry:Bramble,Gauriphal,Reapberry,and Hindberry.
♥The article and literature was edited by herbalist of MDidea Extracts Professional.It runs a range of online descriptions about the titled herb and related phytochemicals,including comprehensive information related,summarized updating discoveries from findings of herbalists and clinical scientists from this field.The electronic data information published at our official website www.mdidea.com and www.mdidea.net,we tried best to update it to latest and exact as possible.
♣ last edit date: