Lighiyellow Sophora Root and Its Extracts!
Plant Description:Basic Phyto Character of Sophora japonica.:
Sophora japonica (kushen) is a kind of perennial leguminous plants,Sophorae sp, top plant grow out spring,bloom,seed,dry in Winter,year after year.Sophora japonica (kushen) is a kind of plant could live in salt soil,soil as following could be ok for this herb: Salt:NMT0.02% .CI-:NMT0.06% .SO4-:NMT0.1% ,HCO3-:NMT0.02%.Seeds left for broadcasting and branches dried and died out, new root grow out from old root the next spring,year after year, Sophora japonica (kushen) grow and make large area full, and it's self-renew ability is very strong.Sophora japonica (kushen) in nature mainly live on soil with sands,root cross with good tenacity,stem woodened, and good sand soil character, content in Sophora japonica (kushen) mainly phyto protein,sugar,organic acid,pigment and alkaloid.
Sophora japonica (kushen) is a kind of Sub-Shrub,grow up to 50~120 cm,root column,skin outside appear yellow,stem and branches herbage like,color green,yellow hair on young stem.Singular feather shape leaves,cross grow,line shape stipule; leaves reach to 20-25cm length,with small leaves 5 to 21 pieces,oval shape,complete edge. flower 10-20cm, short hair,flower yellow to white,10 stamen,1 pistil.bloom from May to July, Fruit from july to September.Seed 3 to 7,color black,similar ball shape.
Habitate and Origin:
Sophora japonica (kushen) grow widely on grass land,sand soil,road side,and red soil sunny side. nearly 12 species from inland China, disperse in north west china,especially aggregate in NingXia Province,GanSu Province,QingHai Province,XinJiang Province,and NeiMengGu Province of China,especially large quantity in middle area of NingXia Province,such as Salt City,LingWu,TaoLe and other sand soil area of NingXia Province which famous for thousands of herb medicine in west china. Sophora japonica (kushen) grow widely and disperse widely,also have good character of liveing in salt-soil and strong wind environment, so good for soil protection, and local farmers would like protect this plant Sophora japonica (kushen).
collect in Spring and Autumn. Dig out,then cut top of root,and fibre,wash clean,dry in the Sun.cut fresh root into pieces and make dry,dry pieces named Sophora japonica pieces(kushenpian).
Dry root shape column,10-30cm length,1-2.4cm diameter,clear vertical crinkle on surface,lenticel pop out and turn over a little,extend crossly.root skin thin,light yellow brown to gray browm,break out and turn over,easy to flake off and appear yellow skin part.root rigid and not easy to break,section shape crude fibre,cross section yellow to yellow white,clear cambium.Smells stimulate,taste bitter,Sophora japonica root pieces all think pieces,length 2-5cm,rigid,taste bitter and color yellow to white.
- 1.Lighiyellow Sophora Root and Its Extracts!
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