Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Archeology are dedicated to terms,definition,traces and marks,ancient registrations of herbs and related.
Archeology Glossary gives brief note or identification and differentiations to ancient words,event or other marks related with herbs and its relatives!
Archaeology is the study of past human societies, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data which they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes.
The discipline involves surveyance, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected in order to learn more about the past. In broad scope, archaeology relies on cross-disciplinary research. It draws upon anthropology, history, art history, classics, ethnology, geography, geology,linguistics, physics, information sciences, chemistry, statistics, paleoecology, paleontology, paleozoology, paleoethnobotany, and paleobotany.
sillibânu:a word appears in akkadian bultu,some archeologist guess it means "dried liquorice root".1
similia similibus:the principle of the therapeutic methods of in ancient mesopotamia prescriptions,most of the prescriptions are rather short medical recipes for a potion of a mixture of herbs and oil for rubbing the penis and vagina,parts of sexually excited animals or animals considered remarkably active in sexual relations,like bulls,rams,stags and certain birds,especially the partridge,made of potions and ointments or worn on the body as amulets,minerals such as crushed magnetite and iron also be used for ointments,with seven times of a potency incantation recited over the medications for effective aim;other recipes stipulate,such as left wing of a bat dried and crushed,parts of a bird named issur hurri("bird of a hole",probably "partridge") considered especially active in sexual relations,popular in potency therapy,head of a male patridge,a silver head or a gold head,heart,blood of a patridge,drunk with beer,mixed with oil for ointment,or worn around neck in a leather bag.
Impotence reasons mentioned in the texts are two:witchcraft and the "Hand of Ištar",punishment from Ištar.goddess of lovemaking.incantations and differences noted in details.2
1: see p.165,chapter 10,Magic and Medicine,from Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia,by Jean Bottéro,translated by Antonia Nevill.Published by Johns Hopkins University Press,Baltimore,Maryland 21218-4363;Originally published as Initiation à l'Orient ancien,by Editions du Seuil,Paris.
2: see p.69~71,Part 1:witchcraft and magic in ancient mesopotamia,under title "Magic:Therapy",from Witchcraft and magic in Europe:Biblical and pagan societies,by Frederick H.Cryer,Marie-Louise Thomsen;edited by Bengt Ankarloo and Stuart Clark.ISBN 0-8122-3615-7(alk.paper),First published 2001 by The Athlone Press,A continuum imprint,the Tower Building,11 York Road,London Se1 7NX,First published in the United States of America 2001 by University of Pennysylvania Press,Philadelphia,Pennsylvania 19104-4011.http://www.upenn.edu/pennpress.
Incantations need to make medications effective,instructions for the incantations quoted:Its ritual:"You put powder of magnetite (and) powder of iron [into] pūru-oil;you recite the incantation over (it) seven times;the man rubs his penis,the women her vagina(with the oil),then he can have inter[course]."(Biggs,1967:33,line 15-17),other incantations mentioned a comparision of the penis with the string of a lyre and the use of this string in the ritual:"Let my penis be like a string of a lyre,that it will not slip out of her!",and the ritual:"you take the string of a lyre(and) tie three knots,you recite the incantation seven times and bind it on his right and left hands and he will have potency"(LKA no.101 rev.12-19 and duplicates,see Biggs,1967:35).
For the difference of impotence reasons:witchcraft and "Hand of Ištar",if a pig approaches figurines of the man and women it is the "Hand of Ištar",and if it does not approach it is witchcraft.In this case it was assumed that semen from the man had been put in a grave.
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