- Brief Summary
Virus Glossary give introductions on some kinds of Virus.A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants to bacteria and archaea.
- Lassa virus
Lassa virus is an Old World arenavirus that causes Lassa hemorrhagic fever, a type of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) in human and non-human primates.Lassa fever or Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus and first described in 1969 in the town of Lassa, in Borno State, Nigeria.more.
Geminiviruses are plant viruses which have single-stranded circular DNA genomes encoding genes that diverge in both directions from a virion strand origin of replication (i.e. geminivirus genomes are ambisense). According to the Baltimore classification they are considered class II viruses. It is the largest known family of single stranded DNA viruses.Geminiviruses may infected many kind of vegetables.more.
the causative agent of poliomyelitis,is a human enterovirus and member of the family of Picornaviridae.Poliovirus is composed of an RNA genome and a protein capsid. The genome is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA genome that is about 7500 nucleotides long.The viral particle is about 30 nanometres in diameter with icosahedral symmetry. Because of its short genome and its simple composition—only RNA and a non-enveloped icosahedral protein coat that encapsulates it—poliovirus is widely regarded as the simplest significant virus.more.
- Rift Valley Fever Virus
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a member of Phlebovirus, Bunyaviridae, and it is the causative agent of Rift Valley fever (RVF), which is a peracute or acute zoonotic disease of domestic ruminants.Rift Valley fever is considered to be one of the most important exotic zoonoses.more.
Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhoea among infants and young children.It is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the family Reoviridae. Nearly every child in the world has been infected with rotavirus at least once by the age of five.Immunity develops with each infection, so subsequent infections are less severe; adults are rarely affected.There are five species of this virus,referred to as A, B, C, D, and E. Rotavirus A, the most common species, causes more than 90% of infections in humans.more.
- Measles virus
Measles virus is a single-stranded, negative-sense, enveloped RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus within the family Paramyxoviridae. Humans are the natural hosts of the virus; no animal reservoirs are known to exist.Measles is a respiratory disease caused by a virus.The disease of measles and the virus that causes it share the same name. The disease is also called rubeola. Measles virus normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs.more.
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