Witchcraft Glossary give discussions to myth and ritual,alchemistry and other relatives,witchcraft and witchery!Witchcraft, in various historical, anthropological, religious and mythological contexts, is the alleged use of supernatural or magical powers. Historically, it was widely believed that witchcraft involved the use of these powers to inflict harm upon members of a community or their property.
Since the mid 20th century, the term witchcraft has sometimes been used to distinguish between bad witchcraft and good witchcraft, with the latter often involving healing. The concept of witchcraft as harmful is normally treated as a cultural ideology, a means of explaining human misfortune by blaming it either on a supernatural entity or a known person in the community. A witch (from Old English wicce f. / wicca m.) is a practitioner of witchcraft.
The "witch-cult hypothesis", a controversial theory that European witchcraft was a suppressed pagan religion, was popular in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Since the mid-20th century, Witchcraft has become the self-designation of a branch of neopaganism, especially in the Wicca tradition following Gerald Gardner, who claimed a religious tradition of Witchcraft with pre-Christian roots.
Ea:the great divine masters of exorcism,Marduk's father,the supreme master of exorcism,Ea,the inventor of all techniques must be applied,in the person of the exorcist.1,for example, in address (3) and address (4),give some descriptions of remedy origin and treatment related with Ea and his son Marduk.2
Esagil-kîn-apli:An ancient scholar,probably lived in Babylon in the eleventh century BC,Esagil-kîn-apli was regarded as the editor of various handbooks of exorcist's craft 'for teaching and reading', which included some Medical and therapeutic handbooks written by the god Ea according to the tradition.3,it is said he comes from Borsippa and lived during the reign of Adad - apla - iddina (1069 - 1046 B.C). for The Diagnostic Handbook,most far reaching medical text,some wrong idea noted it was written by Esagil-kîn-apli,we can better understand it edited by Esagil-kîn-apli.
Enchant:The classical definition is to "sing to."To enchant something means that you load or charge the object with your personal power and positive intentions.
Element correspondence of herbs:The element correspondence of herbs add even more energies to the mix.If quickly break it down,the four natural elements bring specific vibrations and energies to their associated plants.The elements lend a certain flavor to their herbs,so to speak.
Water:Love,emotion,healing,and psychic powers.
Elder:Elder(Sambucus nigra).Also known as Ellhorn,Elderberry,Lady Elder.A Druid sacred tree.Sacred to the White Lady and Midsummer Solstice.The Druids used it to both bless and curse.Standing under an elder tree at Midsummer,like standing in a Fairy Ring of mushrooms,will help you see the "little people."Elder wands can be used to drive out evil spirits or thoughtforms.Music on panpipes or flutes of elder have the same power as the wand.
Elder(Sambucus canadensis).Also known as Devil's Eye,Lady Elder,Hollunder,Ellhorn,Old Lady,Elderberry.Especially sacred to the German goddess Holda/Bertha.The tree bleeds red sap when cut and abslutely must be asked for permission before cutting.Otherwise it is apt to bring bad luck.Elder wands can be used to exorcise negative spirits from houses or places.to remove warts,rub them with a green twig,then bury it..5
Eyebright:Eyebright(Euphrasia officinalis).A Druid sacred tree.In a tightly covered pot,gently brew a handful of the herb in a pint of boiling water.Allow to stand overnight.Strain out the herb,squeezing as dry as possible.Store the liquid in a tightly sealed container away from sunlight and heat,but not in the refrigerator.Drink a half-teaspoon in half-cup of spring water or psychic herb tea to promote clairvoyance.4
Elm:Elm(Ulmus campestris).Also known as Slippery Elm,Rock Elm,English Elm,Winged Elm.Its leaves can be sprinkled around a ritual area for protection.6
1: see p.170,chapter 10,Magic and Medicine,The Exorcist,from Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia,by Jean Bottéro,translated by Antonia Nevill.Published by Johns Hopkins University Press,Baltimore,Maryland 21218-4363;Originally published as Initiation à l'Orient ancien,by Editions du Seuil,Paris.
2: Ibid.,p.170~171,same book as above.address(3):"The supernatural origin of the remedy:emphasised both to guarantee its efficacy and to suggest that,in its application,the officiant will act only in the name of the great divine masters of exorcism--Ea and Marduk.'When Marduk had seen him in this state,he sought out his father Ea,described the invalid's condition and said to him,"I do not know what this man has done to be thus afflicted and I do not know how to heal him!"But Ea answered his son,"You know all!What could I teach you since you know as much as I do?"';
address (4):The treatment,in the form of instructions from Ea to Marduk,whose role the exorcist will play here.'This is what you must do to cure him:"You must take seven small loaves made of coarse flour[?],and join them by means of a bronze fastener [?].Then you must rub the man with them,and make him spit on the remains that fall from them,uttering over him a 'Formula from Eridu'[special prayer or conjuration,reputed for its effectiveness],[all] after takeing him to the steppe,in an isolated place,at the foot of a wild acacia.Then you will pass on the malady that struck him[through the mass of bread used to rub him and the crumbs that fell as a result] to Ninedinne [the patron-goddess of the steppe],so that Ninkilim,the patron-god of small wild rodents[which inhabit the same steppe],may cause these animals to take on his illness"[by giving them the edible remains of the bread to nibble].'
3: see p.21.part 1,witchcraft and magic in ancient mesopotamia,by Marie-Louise Thomsen,under title "the magical texts",from Witchcraft and Magic in Europe:Biblical and Pagan Societies,by Frederick H.Cryer,Marie-Louise Thomsen,edited by Bengt Ankarloo and Stuart Clark.Published by University of Pennsylvania Press Philadelphia,ISBN:0-8122-1785-3,www.upenn.edu/pennpress.
4: see p.133~146,chapter 10,Spell work,under title "herb magic",from Celtic Magic,by D.J.Conway,Published by Llewellyn Worldwide,1990,ISBN 0875421369,9780875421360.
5: see p.166~167,under title "Spellwork",from Norse Magic,D. J. Conway.Published by Llewellyn Worldwide,1990.ISBN 875421377,9780875421377.
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