Angelica Root and Its Benefit.
- Basic Botanical Information of the Genus Angelica L.,and Species.
- Distribution of the Angelica Root Species,and Chinese Angelica Root or Dong Quai.
- History and Archeology of Angelica Spectrum, Traditional Uses of the Angelica Family.
- Phytochemicals and Constituents of the Chinese Angelica Root.
- Traditional Uses of the herb Chinese Angelica Root or Dong Quai, and its used for hormones balance and for Beauty.
- Chinese Angelica Root or Dang Gui: Its Modern Indications,and Dietary Applications.
- Photo Gallery of Angelica Root.
Applications and Properties:
Hematological Effects, Cardiovascular Effects, Cardioprotective.
Anti-Microbial, Anti-Infection of Cryptosporidium, Antiviral and Antibacterial Effect.
Antioxidant Effects:Antioxidant effects of Angelia Sinensis identified with FeCl2-ascorbic acid,ECV304 cells,H2O2 or UV irradiation, H2O2 induced cytotoxicity, t-BHP oxidation, Abeta-induced oxidation, oxidative stress of ischemic neuronal injury related, Chemoprotective.
Angiogenesis effects and wound healing effect.
Uterine Effects, Menopause Symptoms and menopausal irregularity, Estrogenic activity.
Immune Regulating Effects, Anti-Cancer, immunomodulatory activity, Antitumor on hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antifibrotic effects, against Pulmonary fibrosis and Lung, Kidney protection
Central Nervous System Effect.Brain protection, neuroprotective, gainst cognitive dysfunction and brain damage
Hepatic Protective Effect.
Angelica Sinensis Root, also known as Chinese Angelica Root, or Dang Gui, or Dong Quai, is native to the east part of the Asia-Euro continent, is the medicinal part of the Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, a perennial aromatic plant of the Apiaceae(Umbelliferae) family.The cultivated Chinese Angelica Root could be collected after 2 to 3 years cultivation. It is a commonly used herb ever since collected and recorded by the ancient herbal classics Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, and used a lot in disease related with blood and gynecological disease.
In the TCM system, the herb Chinese Angelica Root(Danɡ Gui) is noted taste sweet, spicy(pungent), bitter, nature warm.Enter into the liver, heart, spleen meridians.
Main functions: The herb Chinese Angelica Root functions tonify blood and harmonizing the blood, tonify blood and activating blood circulation, regulate menstruation and relieve pains, moistening dryness and relaxing bowels.
Indications: In China, the herb Chinese Angelica Root is indicated for common syndromes menoxenia(irregular menses,irregular menstruation), amenorrhea and celialgia(abdominal pain), dizziness, swelling and ulcer on the body surface, traumatic injury, and indicated for TCM syndromes blood deficiency, abdominal mass and accumulation, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis(uterine bleeding), cephalea of blood deficiency type(headache due to blood deficiency),flaccid paralysis(weak of hands and feet), numbness of the skin, dry intestine and constipation, dysentery characterized by blood in the stool and tenesmus,etc.
In North America, the herb Chinese Angelica Root is indicated for gynecologic problems such as irregular periods,menstrual cramps,menstrual-related weakness,stomachache after childbirth,infertility,and vaginal infection discharges, allay menopausal symptoms, antispasmodic, to prevent and treat allergy symptoms,control anemia and allay headaches due to blood deficiency,manage high blood pressure,reduce ulcers,allay constipation,control rheumatism,and 'purify' the blood.
In Europe, the herb "Dong Quai is often taken to relieve menopausal symptoms. Dong Quai has also been used for arrhythmia,asthma and bronchitis,cardiovascular disorders,constipation,infertility,infection,insomnia,kidney problems,liver disorders,migraines,neuralgia,menstrual problems,and uterine contractions."
In applications of the herb Chinese Angelica Root(Danɡ Gui), attention should be paid in the cases damp obstruction and abdominal distension, loose stool the herb should be avoided(not use), in the cases of uterine bleeding and menometrorrhagia(profuse menstruation, excessive menstruation) should use the herb with cautions.
Dosages: In herbal classics of China, the herb Chinese Angelica Root is suggested with dosage 1.5~3 Qian or 6~12 grams, as a water decoction for internal uses; or soaking in wine, prepare a paste, or into pills and powder. Attention should be paid cases damp obstruction and abdominal distension, loose stool should use with cautions.
At North America, the Dosage Commonly Reported: "A standard daily dosage for dong quai is from 3 to 15 grams."
At Europe, the Commonly suggested Dosage of the herb is:"Mode of Administration:Oral,subcutaneous in acupuncture therapy:an intravenous form is available in China.How Supplied:Fluid extract,powdered root,tablet,tea.Daily Dosage:General Use(fluid extract,tablet):2 to 3 g 2 to 3 times daily.Acupuncture:0.5 to 1 mL of a 5% or 10% solution has been injected into acupuncture points.Do not inject a homemade solution.General Gynecological Conditions:root extract 8 to 15 grams daily.To make a decoction,combine 100 g of Dong Quai with Chuanxiong Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong(100 g),peony root(100 g),and Rehmannia root(100 g).Grind mixture until a powder is formed and boil for 10 minutes in water with 15 mL of red wine.Dose is 9 g(3 g of Dong Quai) two to three times daily(Zhu 1987).Postpartum Leukostasis:Decoction-Dong Quai,Hong Huai,Safflower,Wahoo(Euonymus alatus[Thunb.J]) and Quai Gian Yue fine powders are mixed in equal parts,boiled for 10 minutes in wine,then for 20 minutes in water.Dose is 1 cup three times daily(Zhu 1987).Weakness After Childbirth:soup-15 g of Dong Quai,0.5 lb of ginger root,1 lb of lamb,15 mL of sweet vibegar,and a little salt are simmered for 3 hours in 4 cups of water.Soup is taken twice daily for 2 weeks(Zhu 1987)."
Safety and Toxicity:
Safety: The Herb Chinese Angelica Root is generally considered safe enough for uses.Ancient herbal classics all noted and recorded the Chinese Angelica Root is non-toxic.
Toxicity: Experiments also prove that the toxicity of the Chinese Angelica Root(Dang Gui) is very low. For example, the Maximum lethal dose of the root extract saps is 30-90 g/kg(po), maxium lethal dose of the dry leaves saps is 100 g/kg(po);the LD50 of Chinese Angelica Root(Dang Gui) is 100 g/kg(iv),acute poisoned Mice show symptoms breath inhibition, crawling on legs and do not move, convulsions to death; the LD50 of Angelica Root injection is 80g/kg(iv); The LD50 of sodium ferulate is 1.71g/kg(iv), few patients who take tincture of angelica root and sedatives may show symptoms tired and sleepy, individual patients show symptoms skin itching, stomach discomfort, but are very mild, generally do not need to stop administration, if the symptoms abdominal pain increased,should stop administration.
- 1.Angelica Root and Its Benefit.
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