Phytochemicals and Nutritional values of Mango parts.
Phytochemicals and Nutritional values of Mango parts.
Phytochemicals:2-octene, Alanine, Alpha-phellandrene, Alpha-pinene, Ambolic-acid, Ambonic-acid, Arginine, Ascorbic-acid, Beta-carotene Beta-pinene, Carotenoids, Furfurol, Gaba, Gallic-acid, Gallotannic-acid, Geraniol, Histidine, Isoleucine, Isomangiferolic-acid, Kaempferol, Limonene, Linoleic-acid, Mangiferic-acid, Mangiferine, Mangiferol, Mangiferolic-acid, Myristic-acid, Neo-beta-carotene-b, Neo-beta-carotene-u, Neoxanthophyll, Nerol, Neryl-acetate, Oleic-acid, Oxalic-acid, P-coumaric-acid, Palmitic-acid, Palmitoleic-acid, Pantothenic-acid, Peroxidase, Phenylalanine, Phytin, Proline, Quercetin, Xanthophyll
Main Effective content:MangiferinRN: 4773-96-0
Name of Substance:Chinonin,Mangiferin
Synonyms:9H-Xanthen-9-one, 2-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy- ;Alpizarin,Alpizarine,Aphloiol,Chinomin,Chinonin,Hedysarid,NSC 248870;Alpizarin;Alpizarine;Aphloiol;Chinomin;Chinonin;Hedysarid;9H-Xanthen-9-one,2-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy-.
Systematic Name:9H-Xanthen-9-one, 2-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy- (9CI);Mangiferin
Note:Has effects on central nervous system.
Phytochemicals and Constituents of the Mango Leaf:The herbal classics DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine) defined the herb Mango Leaf(Mang Guo Ye) as the leaves of the Anacardiaceae(the cashew or sumac family) family plant Mangifera indica L.It recorded the leaf contains "ascorbic acid(vitamin C) 237mg%, tannins 11.73%,mangiferin 6.9%(count on dry base),also contains resin,hydrocyanic acid,etc."(2).The herbal classics CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica) defined the herb Mango Leaf(Mang Guo Ye) as the leaves of the Anacardiaceae(the cashew or sumac family) family plant Mangifera indica L.[M.austroyonnanensis Hu].It recorded the leaf contains "mangiferin, ascorbic acid(vitamin C), tannins, resins, hydrocyanic acid, flavonoids,etc."(3).
Phytochemicals and Constituents of the Mango Bark:The herbal classics DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine) defined the herb Mango Bark(Mang Guo Shu Pi) as the bark of the Anacardiaceae(the cashew or sumac family) family plant Mangifera indica L.It recorded the bark contains "mangiferin, homomangiferin, tannin 9.33%,etc."(2).The herbal classics CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica) defined the herb Mango Bark(Mang Guo Shu Pi) as the bark of the Anacardiaceae(the cashew or sumac family) family plant Mangifera indica L.[M.austroyonnanensis Hu].It recorded "the bark contains mangiferin, homomangiferin, tannin.The resin contains oleanolic aldehyde; olean-12-en-3,28-diol; mangiferonic acid, isomangiferolic acid, hydroxy mangiferolic acid, hydroxy mangiferolic acid, mangiferolic acid,14-methyl mangiferolic aldehyde; 14-methyl-24methylene dihydromangiferodiol; [14-methyl-24-methyl-lene dihydromangiferonic acid(14-methyl-24-methylene dihydro-mangiferodiol)ester]; erythrodiol; [(20S)-dammar-24-ene-3beta，20-diol];am-bronic acid;cycloartanol acetate;amyrin acetate;lupeol acetate;etc.The root of the Mango contains friedelin, beta-sitosterol, mangiferin."(3).
Phytochemicals and Constituents of the Mango Fruit and Flower:The herbal classics DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine) defined the herb Mango Fruit(Mang Guo) as the fruit of the Anacardiaceae(the cashew or sumac family) family plant Mangifera indica L.It recorded "The fruit contains triterpenic acids including mangiferonic acid, isomangif-erolic acid, ambonic acid, ambolic acid; contains phenolic acids including gallic acid, m-digallic acid, gallotannin, quercetin, isoquercitrin, mangiferin, ellagic acid,etc; also contains various kinds of carotenoid 0.505~0.527%, 2.061~7.765％(with peel),among which the beta-carotene ratio is about 60%, and other over 10 kinds carotenoids including Violaxanthine.The fruit(with peel) contains water 78.1~82.1％, total sugar 11.4~12.4%, reducing sugar 2.97~5.32%, protein 0.4~0.9%, crude fiber 0.90~1.24%, ash content 0.63~1.13%, vitamin C 56.4~98.6 mg%.Other reports the fruit juice contains sugar, glucose, fructose,etc.The unripe fruit contains glucose, araban, polygalacturonic acid. The fruit also contains thiamine(vitamin B-1) 57~63 mg%, Riboflavin(vitamin B-2) 37~73 mg%, folic acid 7.26 mcg%. The dried mango fruit contains water 14.74%, tartaric acid(dihydroxysuccinic acid) 6.10%, citric acid 4.23%, oxalic acid 1.08%, glucose 3.00%, ashe 5.44%.The Mango Flower contains gallotannin, quercetin, isoquercitrin, gallic acid, digallic acid."(2).The herbal classics CHMM(Chinese Herbal Materia Medica) defined the herb Mango Fruit(Mang Guo) as the fruit of the Anacardiaceae(the cashew or sumac family) family plant Mangifera indica L.[M.austroyunnanensis Hu].It recorded "The mango fruit contains meso-inositol, glucose, isoamyl alcohol, alpha-pinene, myrcene, beta-pinene, limonene, fen-chone, mangiferonic acid, isomangif-erolic acid, ambonic acid, ambolic acid, gallic acid, m-digallic acid, gallotannin, quercetin, isoquercitrin, mangiferin, ellagic acid, beta-carotene, violaxanthin. Also contains thiamine, riboflavine, folic acid, etc.The fruit with peel contains sugar, protein, crude fiber, vitamin C. The fruit juice contains sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc.The unripe fruit contains glucan, arabinan, galacturonan. The dried mango fruit contains tartaric acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, glucose, etc."(3).
One medium mango, about 10 1/2 oz., is a mighty impressive, self-contained package of vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants that only packs 135 calories. Like most fruits, the mango is low in protein, about 1 gram for a medium size, but you can certainly benefit from its 3.7 grams of fiber.
Being of the plant kingdom, mangoes contain no cholesterol or saturated fat and contain only about .6 grams of total fat. Their sodium content ranks low at 4 mg.
Mango is a shining star in the beta carotene realm, summing up at 8061 IU for that same medium size. If you're looking for a boost in potassium, look no further than a medium mango with its 322.92 mg. It's the perfect fruit to replenish energy after heavy physical exercise like jogging or working out. Magnesium content is 18.63 mg.
Mango scores 57.3 mg of vitamin C and offers impressive numbers for vitamins B1, B2, B3, and B6. There's even a touch of zinc in our featured fruit, with calcium at 20.7 mg. and iron at .27 mg.
Although these figures will vary with the different varieties and different sizes, there is little doubt that the mango is an exceptional fruit, not only for its high-ranking nutrients, but also for its intense, zesty and delightful flavor that just may taste like paradise itself.
Food Value Per 100 g of Ripe Mango Flesh:
Fruit:Calories 62.1-63.7;Moisture 78.9-82.8 g;Protein 0.36-0.40 g;Fat 0.30-0.53 g;Carbohydrates 16.20-17.18 g;Fiber 0.85-1.06 g;Ash 0.34-0.52 g;Calcium 6.1-12.8 mg;Phosphorus 5.5-17.9 mg;Iron 0.20-0.63 mg;Vitamin A (carotene) 0.135-1.872 mg;Thiamine 0.020-0.073 mg;Riboflavin 0.025-0.068 mg;Niacin 0.025-0.707 mg;Ascorbic Acid 7.8-172.0 mg;Tryptophan 3-6 mg;Methionine 4 mg;Lysine 32-37 mg.
Seed Kernel:Moisture 10.55-11.35%;Protein 4.76-8.5%;Fat 6-15%;Starch 40-72%;Sugar 1.07%;Fiber 1.17-2.6%;Ash 1.72-3.66%;Silica 0.41%;Iron 0.03%;Calcium 0.11-0.23%;Magnesium 0.34%;Phosphorus 0.21-0.66%;Sodium 0.28%;Potassium 1.31%;Sulfur 0.23%;Carbonate 0.09%.
Kernel Flour:Protein 5.56%;Fat 16.17%;Carbohydrates 69.2%;Ash (minerals) 0.35%.
Kernel Fat:Fully saturated glycerides 14.2%; Mono-oleoglycerides 24.2%; Di-oleoglycerides 60.8%; Tri-unsaturated glycerides 0.8%;
Fatty Acids:Mysristic 0.69%; Palmitic 4.4-8.83%; Stearic 33.96-47.8%; Arachidic 2.7-6.74%; Oleic 38.2-49.78%; Linoleic 4.4-5.4%; Linolenic 0.5%.
Leaves (immature):Moisture 78.2%; Protein 3.0%; Fat 0.4%; Carbohydrates 16.5%; Fiber 1.6%; Ash 1.9%; Calcium 29 mg/100 g; Phosphorus 72 mg; Iron 6.2 mg; Vitamin A (carotene) 1,490 I.U.; Thiamine 0.04 mg; Riboflavin 0.06 mg; Niacin 2.2 mg; Ascorbic Acid 53 mg/100g.
1: Mango and Mango Leaves,Mangifera indica L.,Health Benefits and Interesting Facts.Mango Leaves Extract.
2: see DCTM(Dictionary of the Chinese Traditional Medicine),ISBN:9787532382712,by Shanghai Science and Technology Press.
3: see CHMM(Zhong Hua Ben Cao,or Chinese Herbal Materia Medica)
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