Fennel Seed or Xiao HuiXiang,the seed of Foeniculum vulgare Mill,a pungent herb nature warm,its botanical introduction,chemical constituents,history and uses since ancient till today.


Applications and Properties:


Foeniculum VulgareAppetite suppressant.
Cattle condiments.
Chronic coughs.
Driving away fleas.
Gentle cleanser and skin toner.
Sleep Aid.
Soothe Indigestion.
Stimulate menstruation.
Cure colic.
Treat abdominal pain with cold hernia.
Treat syndromes of qi stagnation.
Eliminating cold to stop pain,promoting qi circulation to relieve pain,
Regulating qi-flowing for harmonizing stomach,benefit stomach and dispelling cold,
Warm kidney and liver.


The herb Fennel Seed taste hot(pungent) and nature warm.Enter into the liver,kidney and gallbladder,spleen,stomach meridians.The herb fennel used since the earliest times,people have relied on fennel as a scent,vegetable,food flavoring,and folk remedy.Today,people around the world continue to use fennel in many of the same ways,both internally and externally.

In TCM system the herb Fennel seed indicated for cold hernia abdominal pain,unilateral sagging of the testicles,menalgia(menorrhalgia,dysmenorrhea),abdominal cold pain,abdominal swelling pain,lower abdomen cold pain,stomach cold pain,poor appetite eat less vomiting and diarrhoea,hydrocele of testis(hydrocele of tunica vaginalis),hypochondriac pain,lumbago(osphyalgia,backache) due to kidney deficiency,colic pain,schistosomiasis.Salt prepared fennel seed functions warm kidney,eliminating cold to stop pain,indicated for cold hernia abdominal pain,unilateral sagging of the testicles,channel cold abdominal pain.

At North America,the herb used for counteracting the effects of poisons,boosting milk production in nursing mothers,promoting menstruation,increasing urination(in the form of a diuretic,or 'water pill'),and suppressing appetite,fennel tea or water are placed over the eye to treat conjunctivitis and other eye ailments,reducing inflammation,treating prostate cancer,laxatives to counteract cramping,fennel and its oil as flavoring agents in candies

At Europe area,it indicated for Cough,Bronchitis,Dyspeptic complaints.Peptic discomforts,such as mild,spastic disorders of the gastrointestinal tract,feeling of fullness,flatulence,catarrh of the upper respiratory tract,fennel honey is used for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract in children.In folk medicine,the herb was used for fish tapeworms,skin conditions,and for various eye complaints,including conjunctivitis.

Dosage:Suggested dosage 3~6 grams for the fennel seeds.Store at dry cool place.Crushed or ground seeds for teas,tea-like products,as well as other galenic preparations for intern al use.with a single dose being 2.5 g 2 to 3 times a day.A decoction is made using 1 to 2 teaspoons bruised seeds per cup of water;weaker infusions made with crushed seeds are given to children under the age of two.A tincture is taken in dosages of 1/2 to 1 teaspoon up to three times per day.Fennel in syrup or honey is taken in dosages of 10 to 20 grams.Two to three of the 455-milligram seed capsules are taken three times a day.Take commercial preparations according to package directions.Fennel oil could be used 0.1 to 0.6 mL after each meal,with duration of administration Maximum of 2 weeks.

Safety and Toxicity:

Fennel Seed Foeniculum Vulgare Fructus FoeniculiLaboratory animals given 3000 milligrams of fennel extract per kilogram of weight showed no sign of toxicity.Fennel is included on the Food and Drug Administration's list of herbs generally regarded as safe. But because of its estrogenic effect, pregnant women should avoid medicinal amounts of the herb.Fennel seeds show certain level of mutagenic effects,avoid using large amount orally for long period.

The herb fennel is classified by FDA as GRAS(Generally Recognized As Safe) and suggested to consume as a food,so it is safe enough,Neither the research done so far nor years of experience suggest that using fennel seeds in typically recommended amounts poses any health risk.
Warning:Don't harvest fennel in the wild; it closely resembles poison hemlock, which can cause death if ingested.


  • 1.Fennel Seed or Xiao HuiXiang,the seed of Foeniculum vulgare Mill,a pungent herb nature warm,its botanical introduction,chemical constituents,history and uses since ancient till today.
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♥The article and literature were edited by Herbalist of MDidea Extracts Professional.It runs a range of descriptions about the titled herb and related phytochemicals, including comprehensive information related, summarized updating discoveries from findings of herbalists and clinical scientists from this field.The electronic data information published at our official website https://www.mdidea.com and https://www.mdidea.net, we tried to update it to latest and exact as possible.
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Available Product
  • Name:Fennel Seed Extract
  • Serie No:R042.
  • Specifications:10:1TLC.
  • EINECS/ELINCS No.:283-414-6
  • CAS:84625-39-8
  • Chem/IUPAC Name:Foeniculum Vulgare Extract is an extract of the fruit of the fennel,Foeniculum vulgare,Umbelliferae
  • Other Names:Fructus Foenicuii Extract.Foeniculum vulgare Mill,Fenchel,Large fennel,Fenkel,Sweet Fennel,Anis,Wild Fennel,Fennel,Adas landi,Adas londa,Anis Vert,Comino,Finocchio Forte,Hsiao Hui Hsiang,Hui Hsiang Chiu,Kaneer Razbana,L'Anis,La Nuit,Raziyane,Rezene,Shamar,Shbint,Shatapushpa,Xiao Hui Xiang.

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