Habitat,Cultivation and Origin of Piper nigrum.


Habitat,Cultivation and Origin of Piper nigrum.

Black Pepper Piper Nigrum Black Pepper Fruit Blanc Poivre Kosho Pepe green peppercorns Pfeffer Pimenta Pimienta Poivre Noir White Pepper  In South India wild, Native to southwestern India, pepper is now cultivated in tropical areas around the world.and in Cochin-China; also cultivated in East and West Indies, Malay Peninsula, Malay Archipelago, Siam, Malabar, etc.

 The fruit is harvested from plants at least 3 years old. Green peppercorns are picked unripe and pickled, black peppercorns are picked unripe and dried, red peppercorns are picked ripe and dried, and white peppercorns are picked ripe and soaked in water for 8 days before drying.

Origin of Pepper or Black Pepper.

 Black Pepper Piper Nigrum Black Pepper Fruit Blanc Poivre Kosho Pepe green peppercorns Pfeffer Pimenta Pimienta Poivre Noir White PepperPepper refers to any of a great number of plants of the nightshade family, Solanaceae, notably Capsicum annuum L. (Sweet Pepper), Capsicum frutescens L.; and Zanthoxylum piperitum (L.) DC. (Sichuan Pepper) of the family Rutaceae; extensively cultivated throughout tropical Asia and equatorial America for their edible, pungent fruits.

 Peppers, which have been found in prehistoric remains in Peru, were widely grown in Central and South America in pre-Columbian times. Pepper seeds were carried to Spain in 1493 and from there spread rapidly throughout Europe.

 The genus Capsicum comprises all the varied forms of fleshy-fruited peppers grown as herbaceous annuals the red, green, and yellow peppers rich in vitamins A and C that are used in seasoning and as a vegetable food. Hot peppers, used as relishes, pickled, or ground into a fine powder for use as spices.

 In addition to the cherry (Cerasiforme group) and red cluster (Fasciculatum), these hot varieties, which are red when mature, include the tabasco (Conoides), which is commonly ground and mixed with vinegar to produce a hot sauce, and the long hot chili and cayenne (Longum), often called capsicums.

 Cayenne pepper, said to have originated in Cayenne in French Guiana, is one of the spices derived from these peppers and is produced in many parts of the world.

 The mild bell or sweet peppers (Grossum) have larger, variously coloured but generally bell-shaped, furrowed, puffy fruits that are used in salads and in cooked dishes. These varieties are harvested when bright green in color before the appearance of red or yellow pigment about 60 to 80 days after transplanting.

 Pepper plants are treated as tender summer annuals outside their native habitat. They are propagated by planting seed directly in the field or by transplanting seedlings started in greenhouses or hotbeds after six to ten weeks.

 Black Pepper Piper Nigrum Black Pepper Fruit Blanc Poivre Kosho Pepe green peppercorns Pfeffer Pimenta Pimienta Poivre Noir White PepperPepper is used in traditional Chinese medicine as a warming herb. In China, pepper is mainly produced in the provinces Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, etc. Harvested at the end of autumn to spring of the next year when the fruit becomes red or dark green, it is dried in the sun, resulting in black pepper; or picked and reaped when the fruit turns red, soaked in water and dried in the sun after the pulp is rubbed away, making white pepper; then pounded for use when raw.

 Black pepper is native to Malabar, a region in the Western Coast of South India; today, this region belongs to the union state Kerala. Pepper is cultivated since millennia. The wild form has not yet been unambigously identified, but there are closely related pepper species in South India and Burma. While black and white pepper were already known in antiquity, but green pepper (and even more, red pepper) is a recent invention.

 Pepper reached South East Asia more than two thousand years ago and is grown in Malaysia and Indonesia since about that time. In the last decades of the 20.th century, pepper production increased dramatically as new plantations were founded in Thailand, Vietnam, China and Sri Lanka. In the New World, Brazil is the only important producer; pepper plantations there go back to the 1930s.


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♥The article and literature were edited by Herbalist of MDidea Extracts Professional.It runs a range of descriptions about the titled herb and related phytochemicals, including comprehensive information related, summarized updating discoveries from findings of herbalists and clinical scientists from this field.The electronic data information published at our official website https://www.mdidea.com and https://www.mdidea.net, we tried to update it to latest and exact as possible.
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  • Name:Black Pepper Extract
  • Serie No:R068.
  • Specifications:10:1 TLC.
  • EINECS/ELINCS No.:284-524-7
  • CAS:84929-41-9
  • Chem/IUPAC Name:Piper Nigrum Extract is an extract of the seeds of black pepper,Piper nigrum,Piperaceae
  • Other Names:Pepper,Piper nigrum L.,Piper,Pepe,P. nigrum,Black Pepper,Blanc Poivre,Kosho,Pfeffer,green peppercorns,Pimienta,Poivre,Poivre Noir,Lada hitan,White Pepper,Hei Hu Jiao,black pepper(with cortex),Bai Hu Jiao,white pepper(cortex removed),green peppercorns(green with cortex),Hu Jiao.

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